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Sökresultat - Directions in Development

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  • Strategic Environmental Assessment for Policies

    Strategic Environmental Assessment for Policies

    Häftad - 2008 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821367629

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is the key tool for integrating environmental considerations into policies, programs and plans. This book focuses on SEA applied to policies. From past experiences using SEA on policies, it draws lessons on t…

  • The Rain Forests of Cameroon

    The Rain Forests of Cameroon
    av Giuseppe Topa

    Häftad - 2009 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821378786

    Starting in 1994, Cameroon introduced regulatory and market-based reforms to regulate access to its rainforests, balance public and private interests in those forests, and integrate wider economic, cultural, and environmental perspectives of the val…

  • Implementing Energy Subsidy Reforms

    Implementing Energy Subsidy Reforms
    av Maria Vagliasindi

    Häftad - 2012 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821395615

    In 1934, Lewis Mumford critiqued the industrial energy system as a key source of authoritarian economic and political tendencies in modern life. Recent debate continues to engage issues of energy authoritarianism, focusing on the contest between en…

  • Tapping the Markets

    Tapping the Markets
    av The World Bank Group

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464801341

    What needs to be done to enable the domestic private sector to expand its role in the provision of safe water and improved sanitation to the poor in developing countries? Is an expanded role constrained because there is limited market potential, or…

  • Open and nimble

    Open and nimble
    av Daniel Lederman

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464810428

    In the 1960s, economic development was thought to be shaped by unlimited supplies of labour. Unlimited labour supply implies that wages would remain stagnant even when economies grow. In the 21st Century, the evidence is clear: the correlation betwe…

  • Streamlining Non-Tariff Measures

    Streamlining Non-Tariff Measures
    av Olivier Cadot

    Häftad - 2012 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821395103

    This toolkit provides a novel approach and a set of tools that allow policymakers and analysts to identify non-tariff measures (NTMs), assess their trade restrictiveness and impact on prices and welfare, and to strengthen the institutional coordinat…

  • Income and Asset Disclosure

    Income and Asset Disclosure
    av World Bank

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821397961

    Income and asset disclosure systems (IAD) are gaining prominence as a tool in the fight against corruption, and have the potential to support efforts in both prevention and enforcement. They are intended to prevent and help detect the use of public…

  • Expanding Opportunities and Building Competencies for Young People

    Expanding Opportunities and Building Competencies for Young People

    Häftad - 2005 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821361702

    Latin America faces tremendous challenges, particularly those of development, poverty, and inequality. Education is widely recognized as one of the most critical means of defeating these challenges. Democratizing education, by improving both its cov…

  • Ready for takeoff?

    Ready for takeoff?
    av Charles E. Schlumberger

    Häftad - 2014 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464802829

  • The design and sustainability of renewable energy incentives

    The design and sustainability of renewable energy incentives
    av Peter Meier

    Häftad - 2014 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464803147

    The novelty of this work is the fact that it introduces a rigorous and objective economic perspective of current renewable energy support mechanisms and an empirical analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of these mechanisms, which is much needed…

  • Twenty Years of Health System Reform in Brazil

    Twenty Years of Health System Reform in Brazil
    av Michele Gragnolati

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821398432

    It has been over twenty years since the Brazilian Sistema Unico de Saude (Unified Health System or SUS) was formally established by the 1988 Constitution. The impetus for the SUS came in part from rising costs and a crisis in the social security sys…

  • Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge

    Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge

    Häftad - 2008 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821368862

    Early childhood intervention programs are one of the most effective ways to build human capital and break the cycle of poverty. Yet the amount spent on early childhood care and education varies considerably, and no model exists that suits every cult…

  • Work and Family

    Work and Family
    av Laura Chioda

    Häftad - 2016 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821384855

    Over recent decades, women in Latin America and the Caribbean have increased their labor force participation faster than in any other region of the world. This evolution occurred in the context of more general progress in women's status. Female enro…

  • Quantitative Analyses of the Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Africa

    Quantitative Analyses of the Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Africa

    Häftad - 2012 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821396322

    This book presents empirical evidence on manufacturing firm performance in Africa based on the World Bank Enterprise Survey and on a one-time quantitative survey conducted for the World Bank by Oxford University's Centre for the Study of African Eco…

  • Special Economic Zones in Africa

    Special Economic Zones in Africa
    av Thomas Farole

    Häftad - 2011 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821386385

    This book, designed for policymakers, academics and researchers, and SEZ program practitioners, provides the first systematic and comprehensive analysis of SEZ programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is the result of detailed surveys and case studies con…

  • Power Market Structure

    Power Market Structure
    av Maria Vagliasindi

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821395561

    The current distribution of power markets around intermediate structures between full integration and unbundling suggests that there has not been a linear path to reform in practice. Instead, many developing countries may retain intermediate structu…

  • Environmental Priorities and Poverty Reduction

    Environmental Priorities and Poverty Reduction

    Häftad - 2007 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821368886

    Environmental Priorities and Poverty Reduction proposes cost-effective policy and technical interventions aimed at abating the cost of environmental degradation and supporting more equitable and sustainable economic growth. This book provides a weal…

  • In From the Shadow

    In From the Shadow
    av Truman G. Packard

    Häftad - 2012 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821395493

    What to do about the extent of unregulated "informal" employment and the size of the shadow economy is a dilemma that has been gaining urgency, particularly in Europe's periphery. The forces that accompany globalization put a premium on mobility and…

  • Awakening Africa's Sleeping Giant

    Awakening Africa's Sleeping Giant
    av Michael Morris

    Häftad - 2009 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821379417

    Stronger agricultural growth is needed to reduce poverty in Africa, yet the region continues to fall behind. During the past three decades, many traditional African export crops have lost their competitive advantage in international markets, and man…

  • Minimum Wages and Social Policy

    Minimum Wages and Social Policy
    av Wendy Cunningham

    Häftad - 2007 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821370117

    Offering evidence from both detailed individual country studies and homogenized statistics across the Latin American and Caribbean region, this book examines the impact of the minimum wage on wages, employment, poverty, income distribution and gover…

  • Unlocking commercial financing for clean energy in east Asia

    Unlocking commercial financing for clean energy in east Asia
    av Xiaodong Wang

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464800207

    Unlocking Commercial Financing for Clean Energy in East Asia was written for government decision makers in middle and high-income countries, members of international financing communities, and practitioners. In East Asia, all middle-income countries…

  • Linking Education Policy to Labor Market Outcomes

    Linking Education Policy to Labor Market Outcomes
    av Tazeen Fasih

    Häftad - 2008 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821375099

    'Linking Education Policy to Labor Market Outcomes' examines current research and new evidence from Ghana and Pakistan-representative of two of the poorest regions of the world-to assess how education can increase income and help people move out of…

  • Working Through the Crisis

    Working Through the Crisis
    av World Bank

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821389676

    The end of the MFA was followed by rising apparel exports, falling prices, and a reallocation of production and employment between countries. There were also significant changes within countries. The first main finding of this report is that export…

  • Working Out of Poverty

    Working Out of Poverty
    av Louise Fox

    Häftad - 2008 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821374429

    In Africa, only few wage and salary jobs open up each year. Hence, most new entrants in the labor market end up supporting themselves in casual labor, self-employment, or small family businesses-activities with low productivity and highly vulnerable…

  • Weather and climate resilience

    Weather and climate resilience
    av David P. Rogers

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464800269

    The importance of weather, climate, and water information is rising because of the need to minimise growing economic losses, serve more elaborate societal needs, and help countries adapt to climate change. Weather and Climate Resilience highlights r…

  • HIV and AIDS in South Asia

    HIV and AIDS in South Asia

    Häftad - 2009 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821378007

    This book offers an original perspective on AIDS as a development issue in South Asia, a region with a heterogeneous epidemic and estimated national HIV prevalence rates of up to 0.5 percent. The analysis challenges the common perception of HIV and…

  • The distributional impact of taxes and transfers

    The distributional impact of taxes and transfers
    av World Bank

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464810916

    This volume presents country studies that apply comprehensive and comparable fiscal incidence analysis using the Commitment to Equity approach-to examine how taxation and public expenditures affect income inequality and poverty.

  • Creating Jobs in Africa's Fragile States

    Creating Jobs in Africa's Fragile States
    av Nora Dudwick

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821397930

    Nowhere is the need to generate employment more urgent than in the fragile states of Sub-Saharan Africa. In this region, where the majority of the labor force still works in agriculture, the potential of agricultural value chain development has been…

  • Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development

    Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development
    av World Bank

    Häftad - 2005 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821363997

    Persistent malnutrition is contributing not only to widespread failure to meet the first MDG - to halve poverty and hunger - but also to meet other goals in maternal and child health, HIV/AIDS, education, and gender equity. The choice is now between…

  • Toward next-generation performance budgeting

    Toward next-generation performance budgeting
    av Donald Moynihan

    Häftad - 2016 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464809545

    Performance budgeting is a reform adopted by governments in many OECD countries and encouraged by development agencies. This book explores the experiences of 7 countries and suggests a fresh approach to avoid classic pitfalls and adopting ideas from…

  • Public Works as a Safety Net

    Public Works as a Safety Net
    av Colin Andrews

    Häftad - 2012 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821389683

    Public Works as a Safety Net: Design, Evidence, and Implementation reviews the conceptual underpinnings and operational elements of public works programs around the world. Drawing from a rich evidence base including program documentation, policy pap…

  • Is Fiscal Policy the Answer?

    Is Fiscal Policy the Answer?

    Häftad - 2012 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821396308

    The 2009 global crisis has brought into question many economic concepts, policies, and implementation practices that economists supported in previous decades. Counter-cyclical fiscal policy has suddenly returned to prominence worldwide either in con…

  • Natural Resource Abundance, Growth, and Diversification in the Middle East and North Africa

    Natural Resource Abundance, Growth, and Diversification in the Middle East and North Africa

    Häftad - 2012 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821395912

    MENA is one of the richest regions in the world in terms of natural resources: it holds more than 60 percent of the world's proven oil reserves, mostly located in the Gulf region, and nearly half of gas reserves. Oil represents 80-85 percent of merc…

  • Are Pakistan's Women Entrepreneurs Being Served by the Microfinance Sector?

    Are Pakistan's Women Entrepreneurs Being Served by the Microfinance Sector?
    av Aban Haq

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821398333

    Financial services are important for women who are starting and growing a business, but in Pakistan microfinance providers (MFPs) are not reaching Pakistan's businesswomen. Only 59 percent of microfinance clients are women, yet the majority of these…

  • The Indus Basin of Pakistan

    The Indus Basin of Pakistan
    av Winston Yu

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821398746

    This book was undertaken at a pivotal time in the region. The weak summer monsoon in 2009 created drought conditions throughout Pakistan. This followed an already tenuous situation for many rural households faced with high fuel and fertilizer costs…

  • Urban land acquisition and involuntary resettlement

    Urban land acquisition and involuntary resettlement
    av World Bank

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464809804

    With rapid urbanization and an increasing number of publicly funded urban projects, there is a growing demand to address complex land acquisition and involuntary resettlement issues in urban settings. Major urban projects in such areas as urban deve…

  • Rural Road Investment Efficiency

    Rural Road Investment Efficiency
    av Gael Raballand

    Häftad - 2010 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821382141

    The development aid community has placed a great deal of emphasis on the need for rural mobility in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Thus far, most development partners and governments in SSA have relied on two overarching assumptions when dispensing trans…

  • Street Addressing And The Management Of Cities

    Street Addressing And The Management Of Cities
    av Hugues Leroux

    Häftad - 2005 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821358153

    Ante la explosion demografica de las ciudades de los paises en desarrollo, el control de la gestion urbana se ha vuelto aun mas dificil debido a que las colectividades locales, a menudo no pudieron dotarse de los medios necesarios para hacer frente…

  • From Farm to Firm

    From Farm to Firm
    av Nora Dudwick

    Häftad - 2011 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821386231

    The process of rural-urban transformation presents both opportunities and challenges for development. If managed effectively, it can result in growth that benefits everyone; if managed poorly, it can lead to stark welfare disparities and entire regi…

  • The Cost of Being Landlocked

    The Cost of Being Landlocked
    av Jean-Francois Arvis

    Häftad - 2010 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821384084

    'The Cost of Being Landlocked' proposes a new analytical framework to interpret and model the constraints faced by logistics chains on international trade corridors. The plight of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) has naturally received specia…

  • Facilitating trade through competitive, low-carbon transport

    Facilitating trade through competitive, low-carbon transport
    av Luis C. Blancas

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464801051

    Like many of its Southeast Asian neighbors, Vietnam faces the twin challenges of sustaining economic growth and protecting the environment. On the one hand, the impressive poverty reduction and growth performance attained over the past 25 years is n…

  • Employment and Shared Growth

    Employment and Shared Growth

    Häftad - 2007 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821371077

    There is one asset that poor people have in abundance: labor. Thus, what distinguishes the poor from the non-poor in low income countries is, simply, their ability to sell labor at a good price. It should be of little surprise, then, that enhancing…

  • For Protection and Promotion

    For Protection and Promotion
    av Margaret Grosh

    Häftad - 2008 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821375815

    Safety nets are noncontributory transfer programs targeted to the poor or vulnerable. They play important roles in social policy. Safety nets redistribute income, thereby immediately reducing poverty and inequality; they enable households to invest…

  • A Primer on Policies for Jobs

    A Primer on Policies for Jobs
    av Raj Nallari

    Häftad - 2011 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821389041

    A primer on policies for jobs is based on materials and input provided during the labor market courses conducted during the past 10 years. Its objective is to provide government policy makers, researchers, and labor market practitioners and other sp…

  • The Global HIV Epidemics among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM)

    The Global HIV Epidemics among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM)

    Häftad - 2011 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821387269

    This report explores the emerging epidemics of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) in low and middle income countries (LMIC). A case study approach is used to explore these epidemics in detail in Peru, Ukraine, Kenya, and Thailand. Systematic…

  • Making foreign direct investment work for sub-Saharan Africa

    Making foreign direct investment work for sub-Saharan Africa
    av World Bank

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781464801266

    Foreign direct investment (FDI) is becoming increasingly critical to the economies of developing countries, in part due to a major expansion in the scope of global value chains (GVCs), whereby lead firms outsource parts of their production and servi…

  • Protecting Mobile Money against Financial Crimes

    Protecting Mobile Money against Financial Crimes
    av Pierre-Laurent Chatain

    Häftad - 2011 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821386699

    Mobile Money is a booming industry in an increasing number of countries worldwide. The project results from increased demand for guidance and technical assistance from governments after the 2008 publication of an exploratory paper, Integrity in Mobi…

  • Unions and Collective Bargaining

    Unions and Collective Bargaining
    av Toke Aidt

    Häftad - 2002 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821350805

    The development of industrial relations in different countries can be essential in their efforts to balance competitiveness with equitable wages and improved working conditions. Consequently, a well-functioning labor market is essential for solid ec…

  • Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Development Projects

    Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Development Projects

    Häftad - 2000 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821344316

    Much of the early work on poverty was highly quantitative. It became increasingly clear, however, that while numbers are essential for policy and monitoring purposes, it is also important to understand people's perception of poverty and their mechan…

  • Skills for the Labor Market in Indonesia

    Skills for the Labor Market in Indonesia
    av Emanuela di Gropello

    Häftad - 2011 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780821386149

    In Indonesia, the past two decades have been a time of great progress but also massive transformations and abrupt setbacks. In this context, this book reviews the main characteristics of - and trends in - demand for skills in Indonesia. It seeks to…