Denna webbshop är stängd för köp.
Klicka här för mer information

Din sökning gav mer än 5000 träffar. Endast de första 5000 träffarna kan visas. Klicka på titeln för mer information eller lägg den i din kundvagn direkt. Om Du inte hittar titeln vid sökning se Söktips

Fördjupa min sökning

  • Understanding Global Poverty

    Understanding Global Poverty
    av Serena Cosgrove

    Häftad - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367489830

    Understanding Global Poverty introduces students to the study and analysis of poverty, helping them to understand why it is pervasive across human societies, and how it can be reduced through proven policy solutions. The book uses the capabilities a…

  • Understanding Global Poverty

    Understanding Global Poverty
    av Serena Cosgrove

    Inbunden - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367489854

    Understanding Global Poverty introduces students to the study and analysis of poverty, helping them to understand why it is pervasive across human societies, and how it can be reduced through proven policy solutions. The book uses the capabilities a…

  • Introduction to International Development

    Introduction to International Development
    av Paul Haslam

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780199018901

    Introduction to International Development integrates the work of leading experts from disciplines as varied as geography, history, sociology, political science, economics, gender studies, and anthropology. Contributed chapters present foundational o…

  • How Rich Countries Got Rich and Why Poor Countries Stay Poor

    How Rich Countries Got Rich and Why Poor Countries Stay Poor
    av Erik S. Reinert

    Pocket - 2008 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781845298746

    How Rich Countries Got Rich buries the economic orthodoxy once and for all and shows why freetrade is not he best answer for our hopes of worldwide prosperity.

  • Creating Capabilities

    Creating Capabilities
    av Martha C. Nussbaum

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780674072350

    If a country’s Gross Domestic Product increases each year, but so does the percentage of its people deprived of basic education, health care, and other opportunities, is that country really making progress? If we rely on conventional economic…

  • Contemporary United States

    Contemporary United States
    av Russell Duncan

    Häftad - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781137605573

    A new fifth edition of a well-established and popular introduction to all aspects of life in the US, fully updated to take into account the latest key domestic and international developments. Making use of a wide range of data and illustrative mater…

  • Contemporary United States

    Contemporary United States
    av Russell Duncan

    Inbunden - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781137606297

    A new fifth edition of a well-established and popular introduction to all aspects of life in the US, fully updated to take into account the latest key domestic and international developments. Making use of a wide range of data and illustrative mater…

  • The Economy

    The Economy
    av The CORE Team

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780198810247

    The only introductory economics text to equip students to address today's pressing problems by mastering the conceptual and quantitative tools of contemporary economics. OUP has partnered with the international collaborative project of CORE research…

  • Fundamentals of Sustainable Development

    Fundamentals of Sustainable Development
    av Niko Roorda

    Häftad - 2020 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367511197

    Fundamentals of Sustainable Development is an accessible and interdisciplinary textbook that introduces the concept of sustainable development to students from across the disciplines from economics, management, teacher education, arts and humanities…

  • Communicating Sustainability

    Communicating Sustainability
    av Margaret Robertson

    Häftad - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138963061

    Communicating Sustainability is a book of evidence-based strategies for making sustainability vivid, accessible, and comprehensible. To do this, it brings together research from a range of specialties including cognitive psychology, visual perceptio…

  • Development Fieldwork

    Development Fieldwork

    Häftad - 2014 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781446254776

    This book provides an invaluable guide to undertaking development fieldwork in both the developing world and in western contexts. It takes you through all the key stages in development research and covers:   Research design and the roles of quantita…

  • Development Fieldwork

    Development Fieldwork

    Inbunden - 2014 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781446254769

    This book provides an invaluable guide to undertaking development fieldwork in both the developing world and in western contexts. It takes you through all the key stages in development research and covers:   Research design and the roles of quantita…

  • Decolonizing Methodologies

    Decolonizing Methodologies
    av Professor Linda Tuhiwai Smith

    Häftad - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781786998132

    With Decolonizing Methodologies, Linda Tuhiwai Smith made us rethink the relationship between scholarly research and the legacies of colonialism, and to confront the reality that, for the colonized, such research was often inextricably bound up with…

  • Decolonizing Methodologies

    Decolonizing Methodologies
    av Professor Linda Tuhiwai Smith

    Inbunden - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781786998125

    With Decolonizing Methodologies, Linda Tuhiwai Smith made us rethink the relationship between scholarly research and the legacies of colonialism, and to confront the reality that, for the colonized, such research was often inextricably bound up with…

  • Migration in World History

    Migration in World History
    av Patrick Manning

    Häftad - 2020 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138295841

    In this third edition of Migration in World History, Patrick Manning presents an expanded and newly coherent view of migratory processes, conveying new research and interpretation. The engaging narrative shows the continuity of migratory processes f…

  • Migration in World History

    Migration in World History
    av Patrick Manning

    Inbunden - 2020 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138295810

    In this third edition of Migration in World History, Patrick Manning presents an expanded and newly coherent view of migratory processes, conveying new research and interpretation. The engaging narrative shows the continuity of migratory processes f…

  • Politics in the Developing World

    Politics in the Developing World

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780198737438

    An impressive line-up of international contributors provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to politics in the developing world. The first four parts explore the theoretical approaches, the changing nature and role of the state, and the…

  • Geographies of Development

    Geographies of Development
    av Robert Potter

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138794306

    Now in its fourth edition, Geographies of Development: An Introduction to Development Studies remains a core, balanced and comprehensive introductory textbook for students of Development Studies, Development Geography and related fields. This clear…

  • Geographies of Development

    Geographies of Development
    av Robert Potter

    Inbunden - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138794290

    Now in its fourth edition, Geographies of Development: An Introduction to Development Studies remains a core, balanced and comprehensive introductory textbook for students of Development Studies, Development Geography and related fields. This clear…

  • Development as Freedom

    Development as Freedom
    av Amartya Sen

    Häftad - 2001 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780192893307

    In Development as Freedom Amartya Sen explains how in a world of unprecedented increase in overall opulence millions of people living in the Third World are still unfree. Even if they are not technically slaves, they are denied elementary freedoms a…

  • Development as Freedom

    Development as Freedom
    av Amartya Sen

    Inbunden - 1999 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780198297581

    In Development as Freedom Amartya Sen quotes the eighteenth century poet William Cowper on freedom: Freedom has a thousand charms to show, That slaves howe'er contented, never know. Sen explains how in a world of unprecedented increase in overall op…

  • The Sexual History of the Global South

    The Sexual History of the Global South

    Häftad - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781780324029

    The Sexual History of the Global South explores the gap between sexuality studies and post-colonial cultural critique. Featuring twelve case studies, based on original historical and ethnographic research from countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin Am…

  • The Sexual History of the Global South

    The Sexual History of the Global South

    Inbunden - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781780324036

    The Sexual History of the Global South explores the gap between sexuality studies and post-colonial cultural critique. Featuring twelve case studies, based on original historical and ethnographic research from countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin Am…

  • Neo-Colonialism

    Neo-Colonialism

    Häftad - 1987 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780901787231

  • Globalization, Planning and Local Economic Development

    Globalization, Planning and Local Economic Development
    av Andrew Beer

    Häftad - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138810310

    This textbook looks at economic development at the local, community or regional scale. It provides students with a comprehensive introduction to contemporary thinking about locally-based economic development, how growth can be planned and how that d…

  • Globalization, Planning and Local Economic Development

    Globalization, Planning and Local Economic Development
    av Andrew Beer

    Inbunden - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138810303

    This textbook looks at economic development at the local, community or regional scale. It provides students with a comprehensive introduction to contemporary thinking about locally-based economic development, how growth can be planned and how that d…

  • Gender and Development

    Gender and Development
    av Janet Momsen

    Häftad - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138940628

    This revised and updated third edition of Gender and Development provides a concise, accessible introduction to gender and development issues in the developing world and in the transition countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The nine chapters…

  • Gender and Development

    Gender and Development

    Inbunden - 2008 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780415422727

    Edited and introduced by a leading researcher and activist, this four-volume Major Work in the Routledge Critical Concepts in Development series, brings together both cutting-edge and canonical research about gender and development which will enable…

  • Gender and Development

    Gender and Development
    av Janet Momsen

    Inbunden - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138940611

    This revised and updated third edition of Gender and Development provides a concise, accessible introduction to gender and development issues in the developing world and in the transition countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The nine chapters…

  • Globalisation Impacts

    Globalisation Impacts

    Inbunden - 2022 - Engelska - ISBN: 9789811671845

    The book reviews globalisation by identifying causes behind the discontent it has produced in recent years. It variously engages in economics, political economy, development and policy discourses to study experiences of countries and institutions in…

  • Dynamic Sustainabilities

    Dynamic Sustainabilities

    Inbunden - 2010 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781849710923

    Linking environmental sustainability with poverty reduction and social justice, and making science and technology work for the poor, have become central practical, political and moral challenges of our times. These must be met in a world of rapid, i…

  • Dynamic Sustainabilities

    Dynamic Sustainabilities

    Häftad - 2010 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781849710930

    Linking environmental sustainability with poverty reduction and social justice, and making science and technology work for the poor, have become central practical, political and moral challenges of our times. These must be met in a world of rapid, i…

  • Global Urbanism

    Global Urbanism

    Häftad - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367745349

    Global Urbanism is an experimental examination of how urban scholars and activists make sense of, and act upon, the foundational relationship between the ‘global’ and the ‘urban’. What does it mean to say that we live in a gl…

  • Global Urbanism

    Global Urbanism

    Inbunden - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367200961

    Global Urbanism is an experimental examination of how urban scholars and activists make sense of, and act upon, the foundational relationship between the ‘global’ and the ‘urban’. What does it mean to say that we live in a gl…

  • An Introduction to Sustainability

    An Introduction to Sustainability
    av Martin Mulligan

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138698307

    An Introduction to Sustainability provides students with a comprehensive overview of the key concepts and ideas which are encompassed within the growing field of sustainability. The fully updated second edition, including new figures and images, tea…

  • An Introduction to Sustainability

    An Introduction to Sustainability
    av Martin Mulligan

    Inbunden - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138698291

    An Introduction to Sustainability provides students with a comprehensive overview of the key concepts and ideas which are encompassed within the growing field of sustainability. The fully updated second edition, including new figures and images, tea…

  • Världen vi skapar : från Gud till marknaden

    Världen vi skapar : från Gud till marknaden
    av Tomas Björkman

    Inbunden - 2017 - Svenska - ISBN: 9789187935756

    Mänskligheten befinner sig idag i ett märkligt tillstånd av kulturell vilsenhet, i en tidsepok som saknar tydliga berättelser om världen, historien och verkligheten. Samtidigt inser många att vi inte kan fortsätta som vi gör idag. Stress och depress…

  • Divide

    Divide
    av Jason Hickel

    Pocket - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781786090034

    In The Divide, Jason Hickel brilliantly lays it out, layer upon layer, until you are left reeling with the outrage of it all.' - Kate Raworth, author of Doughnut Economics* The richest eight people control more wealth than the poorest half of the wo…

  • The Zimbabwean Crisis after Mugabe

    The Zimbabwean Crisis after Mugabe

    Inbunden - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781032028149

    This book examines the ways in which political discourses of crisis and ‘newness’ are (re)produced, circulated, naturalised, received and contested in Post-Mugabe Zimbabwe. Going beyond the ordinariness of conventional political, human a…

  • Corruption and Development in Nigeria

    Corruption and Development in Nigeria

    Inbunden - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781032014425

    Despite being Africa’s largest economy and most populous country, with abundant natural resources, Nigeria still faces substantial development challenges. This book argues that corruption lies at the heart of many of the country’s proble…

  • The Rural Enterprise Economy

    The Rural Enterprise Economy

    Inbunden - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367471873

    Enterprises located in rural regions face various challenges in the globalised and digitised world. This book offers comprehensive answers to the question of what makes up the rural enterprise economy in the contemporary business world. It addresses…

  • Theories of Development

    Theories of Development
    av Richard Peet

    Häftad - 2015 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781462519576

    This widely adopted text starts with the fundamentals--what is economic growth, what is development, and what is the relationship between these two concepts? The authors examine orthodox theories of growth grounded in different schools of economics…

  • Theories of Development

    Theories of Development
    av Richard Peet

    Inbunden - 2015 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781462519590

    This widely adopted text starts with the fundamentals--what is economic growth, what is development, and what is the relationship between these two concepts? The authors examine orthodox theories of growth grounded in different schools of economics…

  • A Death in the Rainforest

    A Death in the Rainforest
    av Don Kulick

    Inbunden - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781616209049

    Renowned linguistic anthropologist Don Kulick first went to study the tiny jungle village of Gapun in New Guinea over thirty years ago to document how it was that their native language, Tayap, was dying. But you can’t study a language without…

  • Green Development

    Green Development
    av Bill Adams

    Häftad - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780415820721

    The concept of sustainability lies at the core of the challenge of environment and development, and the way governments, business and environmental groups respond to it. Green Development provides a clear and coherent analysis of sustainable develop…

  • The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality

    The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality

    Häftad - 2011 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780199606061

    The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality presents a new and challenging analysis of economic inequality, focusing primarily on economic inequality in highly developed countries. Bringing together the world's top scholars this comprehensive and aut…

  • The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality

    The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality

    Inbunden - 2009 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780199231379

    The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality presents a new and challenging analysis of economic inequality, focusing primarily on economic inequality in highly developed countries. Bringing together the world's top scholars this comprehensive and aut…

  • Sport, Development and Environmental Sustainability

    Sport, Development and Environmental Sustainability

    Häftad - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367777487

    This is the first book to consider the intersections of sport, international development and environmental sustainability. It explores the tensions between sport’s potential contribution to the environment and its rather poor record to date. B…

  • Sport, Development and Environmental Sustainability

    Sport, Development and Environmental Sustainability

    Inbunden - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780815356134

    This is the first book to consider the intersections of sport, international development and environmental sustainability. It explores the tensions between sport’s potential contribution to the environment and its rather poor record to date. B…

  • Design for Social Innovation

    Design for Social Innovation

    Häftad - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367898427

    The United Nations, Australia Post, and governments in the UK, Finland, Taiwan, France, Brazil, and Israel are just a few of the organizations and groups utilizing design to drive social change. Grounded by a global survey in sectors as diverse as p…

  • Design for Social Innovation

    Design for Social Innovation

    Inbunden - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367898441

    The United Nations, Australia Post, and governments in the UK, Finland, Taiwan, France, Brazil, and Israel are just a few of the organizations and groups utilizing design to drive social change. Grounded by a global survey in sectors as diverse as p…

  • Understanding Development

    Understanding Development
    av Paul Hopper

    Häftad - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781509510511

    Understanding Development offers a comprehensive introduction to the multidimensional and evolving nature of international development in the contemporary world. This new edition has been fully revised and expanded to incorporate the key events, tre…

  • Understanding Development

    Understanding Development
    av Paul Hopper

    Inbunden - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781509510504

    Understanding Development offers a comprehensive introduction to the multidimensional and evolving nature of international development in the contemporary world. This new edition has been fully revised and expanded to incorporate the key events, tre…

  • The Sphere Handbook

    The Sphere Handbook
    av Sphere Association

    Häftad - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781908176400

  • The Sphere Handbook

    The Sphere Handbook
    av Sphere Association

    Övrigt - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781908176806

  • Korea: The Impossible Country

    Korea: The Impossible Country
    av Daniel Tudor

    Häftad - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780804846394

    Daniel Tudor covers all the important issues, yet does not simply tell the more familiar stories, but looks deeper and wider to give the full story of Korea today. Martin Uden, Former British Ambassador to South Korea. In just fifty years, South Kor…

  • Issues in 21st Century World Politics

    Issues in 21st Century World Politics
    av Mark Beeson

    Häftad - 2016 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781137589019

    Fully revised, the second edition of this popular text provides an incisive and accessible survey of the key issues in world politics, written by an international team of experts.

  • Issues in 21st Century World Politics

    Issues in 21st Century World Politics
    av Mark Beeson

    Inbunden - 2016 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781137588999

    Fully revised, the second edition of this popular text provides an incisive and accessible survey of the key issues in world politics, written by an international team of experts.

  • Borders, Migration and Globalization

    Borders, Migration and Globalization

    Inbunden - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780367182373

    The emergence of new and substantial human migration flows is one of the most important consequences of globalisation. While ascribable to widely differing social and economic causes, from the forced migration of refugees to upper-middle-class migra…

  • Reflections on African Cities in Transition

    Reflections on African Cities in Transition

    Häftad - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9783030461171

    This volume describes African cities in transition, and the economic, socio-political, and environmental challenges resulting from rapid post-colonial urbanization. As the African continent continues to transition from urban configurations inherited…

  • Reflections on African Cities in Transition

    Reflections on African Cities in Transition

    Inbunden - 2020 - Engelska - ISBN: 9783030461140

    This volume describes African cities in transition, and the economic, socio-political, and environmental challenges resulting from rapid post-colonial urbanization. As the African continent continues to transition from urban configurations inherited…

  • Development Theory and Practice in a Changing World

    Development Theory and Practice in a Changing World
    av Padraig Carmody

    Häftad - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138551787

    Taking a critical and historical view, this text explores the theory and changing practice of international development. It provides an overview of how the field has evolved and the concrete impacts of this on the ground on the lives of people in th…

  • Development Theory and Practice in a Changing World

    Development Theory and Practice in a Changing World
    av Padraig Carmody

    Inbunden - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138551770

    Taking a critical and historical view, this text explores the theory and changing practice of international development. It provides an overview of how the field has evolved and the concrete impacts of this on the ground on the lives of people in th…

  • Brazil: A Biography

    Brazil: A Biography
    av Lilia M. Schwarcz, Heloisa M. Starling

    Inbunden - 2018 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780374280499

    A sweeping and absorbing biography of Brazil, from the sixteenth century to the present For many Americans, Brazil is a land of contradictions: vast natural resources and entrenched corruption; extraordinary wealth and grinding poverty; beautiful be…

  • Handbook on Global Value Chains

    Handbook on Global Value Chains

    Häftad - 2021 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781800887008

    Providing critical insight into the globalization of product conception, production, marketing and distribution, this Handbook comprehensively explores the functioning of global value chains (GVCs) and how they shape the global economy. It provides…

  • Handbook on Global Value Chains

    Handbook on Global Value Chains

    Inbunden - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781788113762

    Providing critical insight into the globalization of product conception, production, marketing and distribution, this Handbook comprehensively explores the functioning of global value chains (GVCs) and how they shape the global economy. It provides…

  • The Value of Arts and Culture for Regional Development

    The Value of Arts and Culture for Regional Development

    Häftad - 2014 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781138842656

    In this new volume, 28 Scandinavian researchers and others who are active in arts and culture seek to answer the questions: What has been the effect of regional and local investment in arts and culture? And what positive and negative experiences hav…

  • The Value of Arts and Culture for Regional Development

    The Value of Arts and Culture for Regional Development

    Inbunden - 2013 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780415638371

    In this new volume, 28 Scandinavian researchers and others who are active in arts and culture seek to answer the questions: What has been the effect of regional and local investment in arts and culture? And what positive and negative experiences hav…

  • Can We Know Better?

    Can We Know Better?
    av Robert Chambers

    Häftad - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781853399459

    This book is intended for all who are committed to human wellbeing and who want to make our world fairer, safer and more fulfilling for everyone, especially those who are "last." It argues that to do better we need to know better. It provides eviden…

  • Can We Know Better?

    Can We Know Better?
    av Robert Chambers

    Inbunden - 2017 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781853399442

    This book is intended for all who are committed to human wellbeing and who want to make our world fairer, safer and more fulfilling for everyone. It argues that to do better we need to know better and provides evidence that what we believe we know i…

  • The Politics of Evidence and Results in International Development

    The Politics of Evidence and Results in International Development

    Häftad - 2015 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781853398865

    Understanding and demonstrating the effectiveness of efforts to improve the lives of those living in poverty is an essential part of international development practice. But who decides what counts as good or credible evidence? Can the drive to measu…

  • Participatory Action Research Approaches and Methods

    Participatory Action Research Approaches and Methods

    Häftad - 2010 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780415599764

    Participatory Action Research (PAR) approaches and methods have seen an explosion of recent interest in the social and environmental sciences. PAR involves collaborative research, education and action which is oriented towards social change, represe…

  • Participatory Action Research Approaches and Methods

    Participatory Action Research Approaches and Methods

    Inbunden - 2007 - Engelska - ISBN: 9780415405508

    Participatory Action Research (PAR) approaches and methods have seen an explosion of recent interest in the social and environmental sciences. PAR involves collaborative research, education and action which is oriented towards social change, represe…

  • Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale

    Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale
    av Maria Mies

    Häftad - 2014 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781783601691

    'It is my thesis that this general production of life, or subsistence production - mainly performed through the non-wage labour of women and other non-wage labourers as slaves, contract workers and peasants in the colonies - constitutes the perennia…

  • Venas Abiertas de America Latina

    Venas Abiertas de America Latina
    av Eduardo Galeano

    Pocket - 2009 - Spanska - ISBN: 9789682325571

  • The History of Development

    The History of Development
    av Gilbert Rist

    Häftad - 2019 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781786997562

    In this landmark text, Gilbert Rist provides a comprehensive and compelling overview of what the idea of development has meant throughout history. He traces it from its origins in the Western view of history, through the early stages of the world sy…

  • Participation

    Participation

    Häftad - 2001 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781856497947

    This book is about participatory development's potential for tyranny, showing how it can lead to the unjust and illegitimate exercise of power. It is the first book-length treatment to address the gulf between the almost universally fashionable rhet…

  • Participation

    Participation
    av Bill Cooke, Uma Kothari, Bill Cooke

    Inbunden - 2001 - Engelska - ISBN: 9781856497930

    This book is about participatory development's potential for tyranny, showing how it can lead to the unjust and illegitimate exercise of power. It is the first book-length treatment to address the gulf between the almost universally fashionable rhet…